Cannabis, marijuana, hash, weed… there are a spread of various ways to ask the leaves, stems and flower buds of the marijuana plant, which is usually smoked, vaped or consumed in food for its mind-altering effects.
The effects of weed vary from person to person, counting on how it’s consumed, what proportion you employ , and the way often you employ it.
While mostly consumed recreationally – it’s the UK’s most widely-used illegal drug – medicinal marijuana is additionally available on prescription surely medical symptoms and conditions.
The intake of marijuana can lead to both immediate and long-term effects, whether used legally or illegally. Navid a pharmacist explains how cannabis interacts with the brain, and talks us through the consequences of weed on different parts of the body:
The effects of weed on your brain and body,
Is liable for the sensation of being ‘high’. ‘THC is shown to affect a selected set of web sites within the brain – the hippocampus, cerebellum and therefore the basal ganglia,’ says Sole.
Each of those parts of the brain are linked to Endocannabinoid System (EC), which exists and is active in your body, albeit you don’t use cannabis. Endocannabinoid receptors are a crucial a part of this technique , and are found throughout your body. When endocannabinoids – molecules.
‘When someone smokes marijuana, THC gets into the brain rapidly and attaches to those receptors,’ says Sole. But THC overwhelms the EC system. It doesn’t allow the normal chemicals to do their job properly and throws the entire system off-balance.’
Research has linked the EC to a spread of bodily functions, from inflammation levels to liver function, metabolism to learning and memory. this is often why, when THC binds to those receptors, it triggers a cascade of effects which will influence your bodily process .
Effects of weed on your brain
The most noticeable effects of weed occur thanks to changes within the brain and central systema nervosum . once you ingest cannabis, the THC ‘triggers your brain to release large amounts of the feel-good hormone, dopamine, making you are feeling happy,’ says Sole. This also makes it harder to make new memories, Sole says. Typically, these effects only last for twenty-four hours approximately after you stop ingesting cannabis.
Marijuana is assumed to temporarily ease chronic pain and inflammation. it’s been shown to assist control epileptic seizures, and relax stiff muscles and reduce spasms in people with MS . Changes also happen within the cerebellum and basal ganglia, which suggests that ingesting cannabis can alter your balance, coordination, and reflexes,’ says Sole.
Effects of weed on your lungs
The most common thanks to ingest cannabis is to smoke it, either with tobacco – that the associated health risks are widely known – or on its own. ‘Similar to tobacco, marijuana smoke comprises a spread of toxic chemicals, which are an irritant to your throat and lungs,’ says Sole. These include ammonia and compound , which may cause inflammation.
Cannabis can also damage your system , making you more vulnerable to other illnesses. ‘Those who smoke marijuana regularly will experience wheezing, coughing and produce an increased quantity of phlegm – also as being at high risk of bronchitis and lung infections,’ he continues. Cannabis smoke also contains carcinogens, so it’s going to increase your risk of carcinoma , though research into this is often ongoing.
Effects of weed on your blood
This process occurs quickly once you smoke or vape weed, and slowly once you consume it in food – for instance , during a brownie. When this happens , your pulse accelerates by the maximum amount as 20 to 50 beats per minute, says Sole, and may last as long as three hours.
A meta-analysis of the health records of quite 20 million US patients aged 18 to 55 found that those that used cannabis were 26 per cent more likely to possess a stroke than those that abstained. They were also 10 per cent more likely to possess developed coronary failure .
One of the foremost obvious – and regularly stereotyped – effects of weed are the bloodshot eyes. this is often caused by blood vessels within the eyes expanding. But this isn’t necessarily a nasty thing. In fact, by reducing vital sign within the eyes, cannabis may temporarily ease symptoms of glaucoma, but research into this is often ongoing.
Furthermore, scientists are looking into positive associations between cannabis, the cardiovascular system , and cancer. Scientists believe the drug may help stop the expansion of blood vessels that feed cancerous tumours, however more research is required before any claims are often made.
Effects of weed on your gut
Cannabis stimulates the appetite, resulting in the phenomenon referred to as ‘the munchies’. In some instances, this is often a welcome side-effect – for instance , it can help people undergoing treatment for AIDS, cancer and other illnesses to regain weight..